Acne is a type of skin condition where the red pimples come on the face and it is caused by the inflamed or infected sebaceous glands of the skin. Acne is treated by reducing the production of the oil in skin. The main aim of the treatment procedures of acne is preventing the bacterial infection and fastening the cell turnover of the skin. There are various types of acne treatment available and one can go for anyone from them. There are medical treatments where the dermatologists prescribe some medications and there are some herbal treatments too for acne.
Acne treatment depends on the extent and severity of disease, patient factors such as age, hormonal status and characteristics of the skin and finally, in the history of the patient’s clinical response to different treatment options. Broadly acne usually self-limiting in 60% of cases and responds to combined therapies followed by topical treatment. In 40% of cases acne is chronic, and, whatever their severity, can last up to more than 12 years, requiring permanent treatment. Most of these cases benefits from isotretinoin orally. The trend now is to start dermatology treatment early and as effectively as possible to avoid the physical and psychological scars.
Treatment options can be classified as:
- Topical medications
- Other therapies
There are many products on sale for treating acne, many untested effects scientifically. A combination of treatments can greatly reduce the number and severity of acne in many cases. Such treatments, which are effective in most cases, tend to have higher potential side effects and require a greater degree of control and medical monitoring.
Patients with mild acne usually respond well to topical therapy only use. The type of preparation should be selected according to the prevalent type of injury. In case the patient has mixed lesions, prescription drugs must include against microcomedones, comedones and inflammation from the beginning.
No topical agent alone can solve all the etiologic factors involved in the pathogenesis of acne, so it is generally a combination of compounds necessary for a successful therapeutic outcome. The response to topical medications is slow, so patients must have realistic expectations and maintain continuity of care. Topical medications should be applied throughout the extent of the affected areas and not only where visible lesions, since in normal appearing skin may have microcomedones in development.
Given the central role microcomedone precursor lesions as both inflammatory and non-inflammatory, the retinoids topics are recommended as first-line therapy because of its impact on the microcomedone and antitinflamatorias properties.
Major topical antibiotics used for treatment of acne are clindamycin, erythromycin, benzoyl peroxide, and benzoyl peroxide combination with other antibiotics. Other topical antibiotics used are sulfacetamide, sulfacetamide with sulfur combinations, metronidazole and azelaic acid. These topical antibiotics act against bacteria associated with the production of the disease.
One can use a wide range of bactericides containing benzoyl peroxide for acne gently moderate. The cream or gel containing benzoyl peroxide is smeared once or twice daily into the pores over the affected region; primarily prevents new lesions by eliminating P. acnes. In contrast to antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide has the advantage of being a strong oxidant and therefore appears to offer no resistance.
Oral antibiotics used in acne treatment include erythromycin or one of the antibiotics tetracycline derivatives. The tetracycline best absorbed is oxytetracycline, or one of which is administered in a single daily dose, such as doxycycline , minocycline and lymecycline. Sometimes also used trimethoprim (in the United Kingdom, although still not indicated for this purpose). Anyway, reducing bacteria P. acnesnot get to do anything to reduce the oil secretion and abnormal cell behavior that is the initial cause of the clogging of the follicles. Additionally, antibiotics are becoming less and less useful and effective due to the common resistance of new bacteria P. acnes. Acne reappears quite soon, at the end of the day throughout the treatment, and later in case of topical applications, and weeks later in the case of oral antibiotics.
Squeezing acne can be detrimental as this may destroy the internal tissue and form scar tissue. Small pimples that are not infected, you can contrast with the advantage quickly get rid of by gently squeezing the pus in them so that they can then get heal. However, one should wait to clamp a pimple until a clear white spot occurs at the top. If it hurts you should refrain from continuing to squeeze, or steam up your face over a bowl of hot water to open it when the narrow pore and soften the response, and then try again. Afterwards, you should always clean the area where the pimple was and dab with an antibacterial such as alsolsprit. In moderate acne, prescription drugs such as pills and ointments prescribed by a doctor. Sometimes antibiotics and / or Tetralysal (prescription) is given. However, this is not good to use in the long term because bacteria which can develop resistance to antibiotics.
In moderate to severe acne, medical skin care, cosmeceuticals and chemical peels are helpful. By combining medical skin care and chemical peels can improve skin texture, balance and outbreaks. The products are deep cleansing for acne, increase luster and shine, increases skin elasticity, removes age spots and reduces fine lines. The use of alpha hydroxy acids is what distinguishes medical treatment from ordinary treatment. It uses a bit from lower to high concentrations of alpha hydroxy acids. The most common acids are glycolic acid, lactic acid and citric acid. The choice of the strength depends on the skin type and what result you want to achieve. The acid is applied to the skin and left on for a few minutes. In this way, the increased production of new skin cells, elastic fibers such as collagen .There will also be a new production of the body’s own liquid binder hyaluronic acid.
For best results it is recommended that you do a series of chemical peels in the course of 4-6 times, with about two-three weeks apart or at weaker strength, a week apart. Then you can make occasional entertaining peeler someone once a year. It is important to use medical skin care products before, during and after the chemical peel. This is to prepare, optimize and extend the results of the chemical peel.